The city was founded in 1147.
Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation , the administrative center of the Central Federal District and the Moscow Region, which is not part of.
Moscow is located in the center of the European part of Russia, between the Oka and Volga rivers, at the junction of the Smolensk-Moscow Upland (in the west), the Moskvoretsko-Oka Plain (in the east) and the Meshchera Lowland (in the southeast). The territory of the city is 2550 sq km. The population of the city is 12.3 million people (2016), which makes it the largest city in Russia and Europe.
The climate of the city is temperate continental. The coldest month of the year in Moscow is February (its average temperature is -6.7C), and the warmest is July (average temperature is + 19.2C). During the calendar winter, there may be short (3-5 days) periods of severe frost (with night temperatures up to -20C, rarely up to -30C). At the same time, thaws are frequent in December and early January, when the temperature rises from -5 ..- 10C to 0C and higher, sometimes reaching values of +5 .. + 9C. The average annual air humidity is 77%, in December it reaches 85%, in May it drops to 64%. During the year, 600-800 mm of atmospheric precipitation falls in Moscow and the adjacent territory, most of which falls on the summer period.
The main attraction of Moscow is the ensemble of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square - a unique complex of architectural monuments. Along with the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye and the ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent, the Moscow Kremlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Many sightseeing tours are held in the Kremlin, introducing both the architectural ensemble itself and the treasures of the Armory Chamber, ancient Kremlin cathedrals, historical necropolises, a collection of ancient Russian icons, etc. walking divorce of the Presidential Regiment.
The State Historical Museum, located on Red Square, hosts a huge number of exhibitions, often combined with theatrical performances, in which guests are directly involved.
There are 450 museums in Moscow. Fans of fine arts will be attracted by the State Museum of Fine Arts. A.S. Pushkin, the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val, and others. Natural science lovers will be interested in the State Darwin Museum, the State Biological Museum. K.A. Timiryazev and the Yu.A. Orlova. Those who love jokes and practical jokes will not be left indifferent by the Museum of Baron Münghausen, and the Polytechnic Museum - one of the largest science and technology museums in the world - will appeal to everyone. Each museum has guided tours for both adults and children.
In addition to museums "under the roof", in Moscow there are unique architectural, art and landscape museums-reserves in the open air: Tsaritsyno and Kolomenskoye. Also, nature lovers can take a walk in the Botanical Garden. Tsitsin, which has the richest collection of plants, and children will be delighted with the day spent at the Moscow Zoo, which contains more than 960 species of animals.
In addition to museums, the historical part of Moscow itself is interesting - the territory inside the Kamer-Kollezhsky Val, which appeared in 1742.
Those who are tired of the bustle of the city can relax in the numerous Moscow parks - the Central Park of Culture and Leisure. Gorky, Neskuchny Sad, Izmailovsky, Kuzminsky, Moskvoretsky parks and many others, or take a boat trip along the Moscow River.
In addition to river walks and trips to the Moscow recreation areas "Bay of Joy" (the northern bank of the Klyazminskoye reservoir), "Khvoiny Bor" (the central recreation area on the Moscow Canal on the northern bank of the Pestovskoye reservoir), Gorki (the recreation area on the bank of the Moscow Canal ) and "Dzerzhinsky" (the recreation area is located on the banks of the Moskva River), you can go on excursion programs on the ship. This is an excursion pilgrimage route from Kolomenskoye to Nikolo-Ugreshsky Monastery, and a route along the "Golden Ring" of Moscow.
There are 43 theaters at the service of theater-goers in Moscow, including such famous ones as the Bolshoi Theater, the Moscow Academic Musical Theater named after K. S. Stanislavsky and V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko, Lenkom, the Moscow Art Theater. Chekhov, the Moscow Operetta Theater, etc., wonderful concerts are held in the halls of the Moscow State Conservatory. Tchaikovsky, MMDM, Museum of Musical Culture. Glinka, the House of Composers, etc.
Moscow is especially beautiful during the City Day celebrations (traditionally the first weekend in September). Moscow also participates in the International Museum Day program, opening all museums every year on May 18 free of charge.
Moscow is a hospitable city. Here you can choose accommodation for every taste and budget. To services of travelers - about 1400 hotels and hotels.
Moscow never sleeps - the illumination of Moscow streets and houses will allow you to enjoy a walk even after sunset. Museums and exhibition halls invite you during the day, theaters and concert halls welcome guests in the evening, and nightclubs, discos and restaurants are open until the morning.
The Moscow metro has long and firmly entered the list of the most popular tourist attractions in the capital. Indeed, during the construction of the stations, unique technologies, original architectural and design solutions were used, which made the subway a real work of art. The most popular with guides and tourists are the central stations of the Moscow metro: especially "Mayakovskaya", "Ploschad Revolyutsii", Arbatskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line), "Komsomolskaya" (ring), "Kropotkinskaya", "Kievskaya" (ring and radial). Of great interest are the stations, in the design and design of which modern ideas were embodied: "Vorobyovy Gory", "Vystavochnaya", "Victory Park", "Sretensky Boulevard" and many others.
For more information about the region, see the Internet resources of the state authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.