Uzbekistan. Description of the country, regions

Tashkent is the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The city is located in the foothills of the Tien Shan.

In the course of archaeological research, many ruins of fortresses and ancient buildings dating back to the VII- VIII centuries were found on the territory of the city. In those distant times, there were a great many of them here, which is why the city was called the state "Thousand Fortresses".

During its centuries-old history, Tashkent has had different names: Shash, Jaj, Chachkent, Binkent.

There are numerous scientific, pedagogical and cultural organizations in Tashkent. Among the scientific organizations in the city there is an Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. In Uzbekistan, much attention is paid to the education of young people. Schools, colleges, lyceums and universities operate in each city of the republic. There are 21 universities in Tashkent alone. Cultural organizations include theaters, cinemas and museums.

The following work in Tashkent:

11 theaters (State Academic Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theater named after Alisher Navoi, Ilkhom Theater, Hamza Academic Uzbek Theater, Mukimi Uzbek Musical Theater, Academic Russian Drama Theater of Uzbekistan, Republican Theater of Young Spectators, Tashkent Theater of Musical Comedy (Operetta), Aladdin Theater, Istiqlol Concert Hall, Puppet Theater, Turkestan Concert Hall);

23 museums (State Museum of History of Uzbekistan, State Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan, State Museum of Applied Arts of Uzbekistan, Museum of Temurids, Museum of Memory of Victims of Repression, Museum of Astronomy, Museum of Olympic Glory, Gallery of Fine Arts of Uzbekistan, Museum of the Armed Forces, Tashkent Museum of Railway Technology, Museum of Cinema of Uzbekistan,

There are wonderful architectural historical monuments in the city:

  • Mausoleum of Sheikh Zainuddin
  • Abdulkasim Sheikh Madrasah
  • Barakhana Madrasah
  • Juma mosque
  • Mausoleum of Kaffal al-Shoshi
  • Halfo Bobo Mausoleum
  • Kukeldash Madrasah
  • Mausoleum of Kaldirgochbia
  • Mausoleum of Sheikh Hovendi al-Tahur (Sheikhantaur)
  • Yunuskhan Mausoleum
  • Mausoleum of Zangiata
  • Chapan-Ota Mausoleum

The surroundings of Tashkent are also densely populated and, as a result, the city is widely spread beyond its borders, which over time were almost erased. Most guests of the capital certainly strive to go out of town and visit well-maintained resort places that are very popular with Tashkent residents.

Indescribable delight will cause you to visit the Charvak reservoir in the summer months, and the mountain rivers Humsan and Ugam. In the winter months, almost all citizens go to the mountain resorts of Chimgan and Beldersay, located on the spurs of mountain ranges. Guests can also visit the religious sights of the Tashkent region, the main of which are considered to be the holy spring Zarkent Ota in Parkent and Zangiata in the old part of the city. The natural landscapes of the village of Nomdanak are also popular among tourists.