Lithuania. Description of the country, regions

The country of zeppelins and fried celery, the charms of narrow streets and tiled roofs, architectural monuments and lush greenery of parks is Lithuania. National parks and lakes, remote villages and farms, dunes and fishing houses are also Lithuania.

Capital: Vilnius.

Time: coincides with Belarusian.

National peculiarities: Lithuanians belong to the Baltic group of Indo-European peoples. Lithuanian is the oldest of all living Indo-European languages, the closest to the Sanskrit language. That's probably why there is a little from the East in the character of Lithuanians: very strong family ties (many companies and organizations in Lithuania are family), hospitality, hospitability (restaurants and cafes serve such portions that only two can eat), respect for guests. However, Lithuanians are distinguished by their smooth and calm character, and they are all romantic. They reflect the beauty of Lithuanian nature in poems, songs, dances. Spring and summer are a continuous celebration of life. Lithuanian folklore festivals are held in all sacred corners of Lithuania, resorts.

Geography: The total area of Lithuania is 65,200 sq. km (the area is close to Ireland, larger than Latvia, Estonia, Denmark, Belgium). The sea coast of Lithuania is 99 km. The highest place of the republic is Mount Juozapine - 294 m above sea level. The country has 758 rivers, about 3,000 lakes and 5 national parks. According to accurate calculations of the French National Geographic Institute, the geographical center of Europe is located 25 km north of Vilnius. Neighboring states of Lithuania: Belarus, Latvia, Sweden and Denmark (via the sea), Russia (Kaliningrad region), Poland.

Climate: The climate is mild marine on the coast, gently turning into continental in the central and eastern parts of the state.

Population: The population (as of 1998) is about 3600,100 people, in the largest cities: Vilnius (597,000 people), Kaunas (434000 people), Klaipeda (208,000 people). Population density - 55 people per km2. Ethnic groups: Lithuanians - 80%, Russians - 8.6%, Poles - 7.7%, Belarusians - 1.5%, Ukrainians - 1.2%. Life expectancy (as of 1998): men - 65 years, women - 76 years. Fertility (per 1000 people) - 10.6, mortality (per 1000 people) - 12.9.

Language: The official language is Lithuanian. Significant groups of the population speak Russian and Polish. Most Lithuanians, except maybe children, know Russian.

Religion: the bulk of the population are Catholics.

Currency: Lithuanian lit. Lit is divided into 100 cents. Banknotes in denominations of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 litas and coins in denominations of 5, 2 and 1 litas; 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cent are in circulation. VISA, Maestro and other well-known credit cards are widespread. They are accepted in the vast majority of stores.

Currency exchange: Currency is freely exchanged in numerous exchange offices. It is best to take US dollars or other hard currency to Lithuania, since the exchange rate of Belarusian rubles for Lithuanian money in Lithuania itself may not be profitable.

Visa: Citizens of the Republic of Belarus need a visa to enter the Republic of Lithuania. For its registration, a foreign passport valid for at least three months after the end of the trip, a completed questionnaire, one photo 35x45 mm, an insurance policy and a confirmation of the hotel or an invitation from a private person are submitted.

Customs regulations: Import into Lithuania up to 10,000 dollars per person is free. Everything from above is subject to mandatory declaration. One person can import no more than 1 liter of vodka, cognac or liqueurs, 2 liters of wine, 200 cigarettes or 250 g of tobacco, 3 kg of chocolate, 2 kg of coffee, 20 liters of gasoline, 50 g of precious metals. It is forbidden to import weapons, drugs and explosives.

Transport: Well-developed infrastructure: by rail from Moscow you can get to Vilnius, Kaunas; by plane to fly directly to the coast - to Palanga and Klaipeda. And there have always been legends about highways in Lithuania. Those who go to Lithuania by car definitely need to know that traffic violators are subject to huge fines. Parking in an unspecified place, movement in parks and protected areas (check the content of CO) is strictly prohibited, and the worst thing is drunk driving. But for mandatory and decent tourists this means nothing, and in combination with the excellent quality of roads and allowed high speeds, traffic on the motorway will turn into a great start to a holiday at some resort you have chosen.

Communication: Local and international telephone card negotiations.

Shops: Shops are usually open from 8.00 to 17.00. Most of the shops are closed on Sunday.

Mode of stay and movement: There are no restrictions on movement around the country for Belarusian citizens.

Emergency phones: In case of fire - 01, Police - 02, Ambulance - 03, background information - 09.